Portugal lies on the Iberian Peninsula in Southwestern Europe and faces the Atlantic Ocean on its western and southern borders. It’s a developed nation with a affluent economic system.
The transport and marine transportation sector is pretty superior, a results of elevated international investments, technological developments and the federal government’s insurance policies.
Portugal has 40 seaports and riverports which are extremely developed services, at par with international maritime requirements because of fixed infrastructural growth and modernization initiatives.
On this article, allow us to take a look on the 5 main ports of Portugal, their terminals and different services and companies.
These ports are the largest contributors to the nation’s GDP and deal with greater than half of the nation’s worldwide commerce.
Port of Lisbon
Lisbon port is the principle seaport of Portugal. Located on the banks of river Tagus, close to its outlet to the Atlantic Ocean, the port handles nearly all of the nation’s export-import commerce. The town of Lisbon holds administrative and industrial significance and therefore Lisbon port is a vital contributor to the town’s economic system, serving its manufacturing, industrial and tourism sectors.
Lisbon port is the busiest port compared to different Portuguese ports, visited by greater than 3500 vessels yearly and dealing with 13,200,000 tonnes of cargo and 555,000 TEU. It principally offers with agricultural foodstuff and containerised cargo, nonetheless, it’s not only a industrial port facility however a well-liked vacationer vacation spot that additionally attracts leisure boaters and yachtsmen.
Lisbon is taken into account to be an historic port metropolis that was used as a buying and selling put up by Phoenicians. Through the interval of European colonial growth within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, imperialist powers like Britsh, Portuguese and Dutch longed to colonise it, because it enjoys a privileged geographical location.
It’s positioned amidst the world’s main oceanic commerce routes, connecting the Mediterranean area with Northern and Central Europe and allows maritime commerce among the many continents of the far east, Africa, Europe and America.
Right now, it is among the world’s best port services, that continues to draw traders and vacationers alike. Quite a few multinational companies and transport corporations have primarily based their headquarters within the Lisbon area. Lisbon port boasts world-class port companies specializing in buyer satisfaction and growing the port’s productiveness.
The port of Lisbon covers greater than 32,000 hectares and over 16,000 m of berthage is accessible. It’s unfold over the North and the South banks; the previous has quite a few berths with a complete size of 13,000 m with various alongside depths of 4 to 13 m. The berths on the Southern financial institution span 3000 m with a depth of three to 17 m.
Every kind of various cargo, together with typical items, bulk, containers are dealt with on the North Financial institution. Aside from dealing with cargo, the North Financial institution additionally accommodates three passenger or cruise ship terminals such because the Alcantra terminal, which possess the perfect security gear.
Leisure boating is a well-known exercise on the port which affords wonderful circumstances for all types of boaters all by way of the yr. Therefore, the port manages 4 docks, with a dealing with capability of round 1100 boats and affords important companies to boaters. Because of all these elements, Lisbon port sees greater than 400,000 vacationers yearly.
The South Financial institution contains specialised services for dealing with strong and liquid bulk cargo comparable to chemical substances, fertilizers, ores and in addition bunkering. It additionally has Lisnave shipyards, a three way partnership of the Portuguese and different worldwide transport companies.
Port of Aveiro
Port of Aveiro lies on the western shoreline of Portugal on the financial institution of the Aveiro river. It’s a sheltered river port that offers with exports of common cargo, paper pulp, liquid chemical substances, fish and imports of grains, steel merchandise, and cement. It handles about 3.5 million tonnes of cargo yearly and is visited by greater than 1000 vessels yearly.
The port authority is Administracao do Porto de Aveiro, (APA SA) was shaped in 1998 and is accountable for the operation, administration and developmental initiatives of the Aveiro port.
The port is split into 5 particular zones or port areas particularly, the North terminal, Chemical dealing with facility, offshore fishing sector, South terminal and the Coastal fishing zone. Thus, it’s a multipurpose port that’s essential for the Portuguese economic system because it serves quite a few industries in its hinterland comparable to ceramics, wine-making models, chemical vegetation, wooden and its derivatives together with agricultural and manufacturing.
Port Aveiro’s North Terminal contains a 900 m lengthy dock spanning 328 m. It additionally accommodates 8 warehouses, two devoted to the storage of cement and bagged items. This facility primarily offers with common cargo and strong bulk like cement, cereal, paper, steel, wooden and clay.
The Roll-on/Roll-off Terminal features a 450 m lengthy wharf with an alongside depth of 11 m and covers 130,000 sq m.
Containing a 400 m lengthy wharf with an alongside depth of seven m and protecting roughly 47,000 sq m, this facility is operated by the Socarpor Firm. It has a sheltered space for storing and three warehouses, two of them devoted to maintaining cement and bulk cargo. This terminal handles cement, fish, sea salt, cereal, Kaolin, clay, and paper.
Liquid Bulk Terminal
The chemical dealing with area of the port consists of services leased to some non-public transport corporations that deal with shipments of vinyl chloride, fuels, anilines, MDI, methanol, and different chemical substances.
Bulk Cargo Terminal
It’s a specialised facility coping with agro-alimentary and non-alimentary items. This terminal has a 750 m lengthy wharf with an alongside depth of 12 m, spanning 150 thousand sq m.
Port of Leixoes
Leixoes port is among the most vital ports in Portugal. Located on the river Douro on the western coast of the Iberian peninsula, it serves the northern area of the nation by dealing with containerised cargo, typical cargo, strong and liquid bulk and ro-ro and passenger vessels. It’s a multipurpose port facility that handles greater than 20% of Portuguese worldwide commerce.
Greater than 2500 vessels frequent the port yearly whereas its cargo throughput is round 15,650,000 tonnes and it handles 450,000 TEU of containerised items and greater than 25,000 passengers. It may possibly additionally accommodate the largest service ships weighing greater than 100,000 tonnes.
The port contains three quays for dealing with typical cargo which offers with shipments of cotton, cork, timber, iron and metal, granite, steel, autos and chassis, cereals, equipment, transformers and wind generators. These three docks have the most recent port gear and a space for storing spanning greater than 50,000 sq m.
Leixoes port has a north and a south container dealing with facility that turned operational in 1999 and has been expanded significantly. The Northern terminal spans six hectares and has a 360 m lengthy quay. It has an annual dealing with capability of 250,000 TEUs and a storage capability of 4000 TEUs.The Southern Terminal contains a 540-meter lengthy quay with alongside depth of 12 meters. Spanning 16 hectares, it handles 350 thousand TEUs per yr and shops 15 thousand TEUs.
This facility contains a 400 m quay and is provided with three cranes and a air pollution management system. It has a 22,000 sq m space for storing, two warehouses and two silo tanks with a storage capability of 120,000 tonnes.
Liquid Bulk Terminal
This facility is devoted to petroleum and its derivatives nonetheless there are quite a few berths comparable to South Mole that deal with liquid fuels, liquefied petroleum gasoline, asphalt, and molasses.
It’s 700 m lengthy and constructed 15 m above sea stage and is related to Petrogal Refinery by way of a pipeline. The oil terminal accommodates three piers that deal with crude oil, refined oil, liquified gases and fragrant items. The piers can accommodate vessels weighing round 100,000 DWT.
The Roll-on/Roll-off Terminal offers with weekly shipments of autos and heavy gear and incorporates a storage space for 100 trailers. The Passenger Terminal of the port covers 840 sq. meters. It has a 300 m lengthy dock that may accommodate vessels 205 m lengthy with an 8 m draft.
Port of Setubal
Setubal port lies on the estuary of the Sado river on the Atlantic coast of Portugal, far from Lisbon. Setubal is Portugal’s fundamental port facility for dealing with ro-ro vessels adopted by containerised items, breakbulk and bulk cargo. It additionally affords shipbuilding and ship restore services.
The area’s fishing business can also be served by the port which has a naturally well-sheltered harbour with a deep and protected anchorage. It handles about 6,100,000 tonnes of cargo yearly and round 20,000 TEUs. Greater than 1500 ships go to the port yearly. The primary cargo dealt at this port consists of roll-on/roll-off cargo, container items, cement, clinker, steel, copper and zinc focus, oil, gasoline and so on.
Multi-use Terminal Zone 1
This facility handles roll-on/roll-off, strong bulk, and containers on its 864 m lengthy wharf with an alongside depth of 9.5 m. It additionally accommodates 2.1 thousand sq m of paved space for storing.
Multi-use Terminal Zone 2
Comprising a 725 m lengthy wharf, this terminal is provided with a 50-ton capability gantry crane and a post-Panamax gantry crane and has 1.6 thousand sq. meters of lined storage.
This facility handles strong and liquid bulk and may accommodate ships with a ten.5 m draft. The terminal has three berths and has a space for storing spanning 25,000 sq m.
Setubal port has quite a few terminals devoted to personal use by transport corporations. One such is the Terminal Secil, utilized by corporations that transport cement, clinker and coal. This terminal has a 60,000 sq m of space for storing. The Terminal da Uralada is devoted to liquid bulk solely comparable to alimentary oil and molasses and may accommodate large ships weighing greater than 50,000 DWT. Terminal Tanquisado handles flamable liquids and the Teporset Terminal focuses on clinker and cement.
The port’s leisure dock of Fontainhas supplies a mooring facility for about 150 small ships and boats. It additionally affords recent water and leisure hyperlinks together with sanitary services. The Lisnave Estaleiros Navais SA facility repairs ships and offshore platforms. It contains six docks that may accommodate many ships without delay.
Port of Sines
Sines port lies on the western coast of Portugal, north of Sines bay and is a deepwater port that may obtain the largest ships. It has 5 terminal services for dealing with oil, petrochemicals, LNG, multipurpose, common cargo and containers. The port additionally features a fishing harbour and a leisure marina. All of the terminals are protected by breakwaters.
The key imports dealt with on the port are crude oil, coal, LNG and naphtha whereas the principle export commodities are refined oil and petrochemical merchandise. The port is visited by greater than 1400 vessels yearly and handles 27,200,000 tonnes of cargo, together with 230,000TEU.
The Liquid Bulk Terminal has six docks and may obtain vessels weighing 300,000 tonnes. The Petrochemical facility contains two wharves to accommodate vessels carrying Propylene, Ethylene, Butadiene, ETBE, Ethanol, MTBE, Fragrant Compounds, Methanol. The multipurpose terminal handles common cargo and may accommodate ships weighing as much as 200,000t DWT. The port additionally has a Pure gasoline terminal with a dock able to dealing with tankers upto 220,000 m3.
The port additionally has a container terminal that spans 42 hectares and has an annual cargo dealing with capability of two.4 million TEUs. This terminal is being expanded with the implementation of a port growth undertaking, that will enhance the port’s storage space to 60 hectares and its annual dealing with capability to 4 million TEUs.
You may also wish to learn:
Disclaimer: The authors’ views expressed on this article don’t essentially mirror the views of Marine Perception. Knowledge and charts, if used, within the article have been sourced from accessible info and haven’t been authenticated by any statutory authority. The writer and Marine Perception don’t declare it to be correct nor settle for any accountability for a similar. The views represent solely the opinions and don’t represent any pointers or suggestions on any plan of action to be adopted by the reader.