Marine

5 Main Ports in Tanzania


The United Republic of Tanzania lies within the Nice Lakes area of East Africa. It’s bordered by the Indian Ocean on its japanese shoreline which is dotted with the three main seaports of the nation specifically Dar Es Salaam, Tanga and the port of Mtwara which deal with all of the worldwide maritime commerce of the nation. The most important commerce companions of Tanzania embody India, UAE, Saudi Arabia, China and Switzerland.

Tanzania additionally has many inland ports and waterways managed by the nation’s port authority. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa, protecting the territories of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. Round 20 ports are positioned alongside the shore of the good lake together with Tanzanian ports of Mwanza, Kemondo, and Bukobo. Located within the Kigoma area is the world’s second-oldest freshwater lake referred to as Tanganyika, which homes 15 small port amenities together with Kigoma port and Kasanga. The primary ports on Lake Nyasa are the Mbamba harbour and Itungi port which is a cargo terminal.

Agriculture is the dominant sector using the vast majority of the inhabitants whereas Tanzania’s industrial base rests on small-scale manufacturing, mining and quarrying. The nation has large potential for development however suffers from corruption, poverty and a scarcity of recent infrastructure. Nonetheless, its advantageous beneficial place permits it to earn vital revenues from overseas commerce.

Allow us to take a look on the 5 main ports of Tanzania, their traits, limitations, and dealing with capacities.

1. Port of Dar es Salaam

Port of Dar es Salaam

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Dar es Salaam port is the fourth greatest facility on Africa’s Indian Ocean coast and in addition the busiest port of Tanzania, dealing with greater than 90 per cent of the nation’s worldwide maritime commerce. It additionally serves the hinterland and landlocked international locations just like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Uganda, Zambia, Rwanda and Zimbabwe. It’s straight linked to the East and Central African nations, the Center East and the Far East, Australia, Europe and America.

It has a pure, well-sheltered harbour whereas the port compound is rectangular, surrounded on the east by the rail terminal. The town falls in a fertile zone the place crops like tea, espresso, tobacco, oilseeds, cotton, sisal and cashew nuts are grown in abundance and exported from Dar es Salaam port together with metals like copper. Then again, the principle imports embody cars, fertilisers, cement, iron and metal merchandise, foodstuff, equipment and crude oil.

The port is designed to deal with greater than 10 million tonnes of cargo yearly together with roughly 4 million tonnes of dry normal cargo, 6 million tonnes of liquid bulk and 1 million tonnes of containers.

Port Quays and Terminals
The port has a complete quay size of round 2650 metres unfold throughout eleven deepwater berths and 4 terminals.

Basic Cargo Terminal
This terminal has 7 berths protecting 1479 m for dealing with breakbulk, Roro and dry cargoes. It additionally incorporates quite a few transit sheds spanning 64,400 sq m and a 200,450 m2 open storage space for storing free cargo and port gear.

Container Terminal
Berths 8-11 are a part of the port’s container dealing with facility operated by a non-public enterprise referred to as the Tanzania Worldwide Container Terminal Companies Restricted. It has a complete berthing line of 540 m, over 200 reefer connections and a container depot able to dealing with 14,000 TEUs.

Grain Terminal
A completely automated facility with a mechanised grain conveyor belt system, it’s the most fashionable port terminal working at its optimum capability. It has 5-grain silos with a storage capability of 30,000 metric tonnes. Greater than 2000 tonnes of grains are dealt with daily. It is usually outfitted with fumigation and temperature management methods.

Oil Terminal
The port has two oil terminals, a 150,000 tonne Single Level Mooring and a Kurasini Oil jetty. The SPM is an offshore tanker berth that handles solely crude oil and refined oil. Oil tankers weighing as much as 150,000 DWT will be moored right here. It’s linked to refineries in Dar es Salaam, Ndola and Zambia by floating hoses and underwater pipelines.

Kurasini oil Jetty consists of two berths that specialize in dealing with refined oil merchandise with a pumping capability of 800 tonnes per hour. The primary pier can accommodate 45,000 DWT tankers whereas solely 5000 DWT vessels can berth on the second oil pier.

2. Port of Tanga

Port of Tanga

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The Tanga port is positioned on the northern coast of Tanzania close to the border of Kenya. Referred to as the longest-serving facility of the East African area, Tanga is the second greatest port within the nation having two shallow berths. A lighterage port, it additionally has a multipurpose jetty and 12 anchorage berths for sea-going vessels and is linked to Dar es Salaam port by a 350-kilometre freeway.

The port is strategically positioned to serve the northern a part of the nation together with the area of Kilimanjaro, Manyara, the lake zone and neighbouring nations of Burundi, Rwanda and Northern Uganda.

It exports a wide range of items equivalent to espresso, cement, tea, beans, timber, animal hides, sisal and fertilisers. Main import commodities are phosphates, chemical substances, development gear, cars, ammonia, oil, sulphur, grains and cereals. The port dealt with roughly 700,000 tonnes in 2013-14. Nonetheless, it surpassed this capability by dealing with 845,000 tonnes in 2016. After port growth, its current annual cargo capability is 1,200,000 tonnes.

Port Specs
The port has a large entrance channel that may accommodate ships of any dimension and draught. Ships are anchored on the Tanga Bay from the place cargoes are unloaded into barges and lighters. Vessel navigation is restricted to daytime solely and loading and discharging of cargo is totally depending on ship cranes. It has a contemporary quay wall protecting 380 metres and a foremost breakwater. The port was constructed in 1916 and was refurbished in 1954.

Storage amenities
It has 4 warehouses for maintaining weather-sensitive cargoes, a 16,000 sq. metres paved container yard for storing containers and miscellaneous cargo, a 5000 m2 unpaved yard for maintaining free normal cargo and a number of sheds measuring 13,000 m2.

Port Gear
Totally useful fashionable gear will increase port productiveness manifold. Tanga port is decked with enough gear for finishing up easy operations. It has 2 cellular cranes with a 120-tonne lifting capability, 2 attain stackers for dealing with full containers weighing 40 tonnes every, 2 tugboats and three cargo barges, 5 pontoons, 4 terminal tractors, 12 forklifts, 27 trailers, 2 weighbridges, a roro ramp and three electrical grabs.

3. Port of Mtwara

Port of Mtwara

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Mtwara is the third main deepwater port of Tanzania mendacity on the mouth of the Mturara River within the southern a part of the nation, simply 20 kilometres from the border of Mozambique. Mtwara port additionally serves Malawi, Mozambique and Jap Zambia.

The port primarily offers with normal cargo and is understood for exporting cashew nuts, cassava roots and sisal. It receives shipments of foodstuff, uncooked materials, cement and many others. Roughly, 750,000 million tonnes of cargo go by the ability yearly. The port nevertheless runs far under its designed capability on account of lack of main industries close by. The federal government is planning to assemble an industrial zone close to the port within the coming years.

Port Historical past
Mtwara port was constructed by the British between 1948 and 1954 for assembly the necessities of colonial commerce originating from Africa, the Americas and Southeast Asia.
The colonial authorities additionally carried out a groundnut scheme and laid out railway strains connecting the port and Mtwara metropolis with Nachingwea and different agriculturally productive areas.

Nonetheless, the scheme proved to be a failure and the port was deserted as different amenities had been being developed. After a couple of years, operations started once more however Mtwara port was largely underutilised on account of rudimentary infrastructure and connectivity points.

The port regained its prominence with the graduation of oil and fuel exploration within the neighbouring area and the approaching of the Mtwara hall undertaking in 2013, linking the town with different industrial and business centres.

Port Traits
It has a 380 m quay wall that may simply accommodate two cargo ships and a coastal vessel concurrently. The primary quay has been dredged to a depth of 9.85 m and may accommodate vessels with an general size of 175 m respectively. Navigation is restricted to daytime nevertheless with the introduction of recent solar-powered navigational aids, nighttime navigation can be attainable.

The port is open all seven days of the week and incorporates a particular financial zone spanning 10 hectares. It has ample cupboard space together with 2 transit sheds for storing 12,500 tonnes of normal cargo and an open storage yard for maintaining 9500 tonnes.

4. Port of Zanzibar

Port of Zanzibar

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Zanzibar port is positioned on the western coast of the island of Zanzibar, simply 60 kilometres from Dar Es Salaam. It has a pure harbour protected by a barrier of coral reefs. Massive cargo vessels are unable to berth on the port therefore their cargoes are transported by lighters. Ferry companies ply from Zanzibar to Dar Es Salaam port daily.

An essential cargo port, Zanzibar ships cloves and cloves oil, coconut oil, gum, copra, hides, mangrove bark, coir fibre, seaweeds and seashells. It imports development materials, {hardware}, tobacco, cleaning soap, packaged meals and many others. It will possibly deal with 165,000 tonnes of normal cargo and 50,000 TEUs yearly.

Port Traits
It has one deepwater berth measuring 240 m with an alongside depth of 10 m, utilized by seagoing vessels. One other quay protecting 9 m is utilised by passenger boats, ferries, small cargo vessels and personal fishing boats. The port doesn’t face congestion nevertheless port operations is perhaps affected throughout monsoon months.

Empty containers are saved in an open yard positioned 60 m from the port entrance. It covers 25,000 m2 and may retailer round 2000 TEUs. Nonetheless, there aren’t any storage amenities for break bulk and two sheds are utilised for maintaining imported motor automobiles.

5. Port of Mwanza

Port of Mwanza

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Mwanza is the principle port facility on Lake Victoria and consists of the Mwanza North Port and the South port which have a mixed cargo dealing with capability of greater than 1 million tonnes. Each the amenities are owned and managed by Tanzania Ports Authority whereas marine companies are offered by the Marine Companies Firm Restricted. The port has a 9 m deep navigation channel and two breakwaters.

North Port
This facility was designed to deal with solely passenger ships and small cargo vessels. It has a traditional cargo berth protecting 83 m for coping with normal cargo and a couple of passenger berths measuring 120 m with a depth of 11 m. It additionally has a 90 m Roro berth outfitted with shore-based ramps for railway wagons. Presently, two RORO ferries function in Lake Victoria. North Port has a 20,000 m2 open storage space.

South Port
A lot of the commerce operations are concentrated on the South port which is designed to serve giant cargo ships. The port has a normal cargo terminal consisting of two quays spanning 290 m with a 7.5 m water depth. It additionally has a upkeep quay and an oil jetty for dealing with petroleum and oil. It’s linked to roads and railways with enhanced connectivity provided by the Linkspan, a specialised facility that enables practice wagons to be ferried or loaded onto a ship. The South port has 3 storage sheds protecting 60,000 m2 of floor space. It additionally has a terminal constructing and an workplace.

Disclaimer: The authors’ views expressed on this article don’t essentially replicate the views of Marine Perception. Knowledge and charts, if used, within the article have been sourced from out there info and haven’t been authenticated by any statutory authority. The writer and Marine Perception don’t declare it to be correct nor settle for any duty for a similar. The views represent solely the opinions and don’t represent any pointers or suggestions on any plan of action to be adopted by the reader.

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